Choosing the correct Metal is an important part of purchasing your jewellery. Once you know the basics of different metals, deciding on a metal is often made a much simpler task.
Choosing a metal is often decided on a number of factors, including budget, colour and metal property.
Gold in its purest form is a soft metal, so is mixed with other alloys such as copper and silver to create a more durable alloy. This in turn creates a h5er and more enduring metal, suitable for everyday use.
The purity of gold is graded by Karat (not to be confused with Carat measuring diamond weight).
Karat purity ranges from 10 karats to 24 karats (which is pure gold).
At Angelic Diamonds we sell 9 karat gold and 18 karat gold.
18 Karat Gold
18 Karat gold consists of 75% gold. It is an excellent metal for making jewellery and highly recommended.
9 Karat Gold
9 Karat gold consists of 37.5% gold. It is a popular choice for lots of jewellery items.
Gold is naturally bright yellow in colour. The colour of gold is determined by the type of alloy and the percentage of alloy used.
Yellow gold is created by mixing pure gold with an alloys such as copper and zinc.
White gold is created by mixing pure gold with an alloy such as silver and palladium.
White gold is not a naturally white metal. White gold is made by mixing pure gold with other white metals. This creates a metal colour that is light grey or yellowish in colour. In order to create a pure white finish white gold is then plated in a metal called rhodium. Rhodium plating will wear away so regular re-plating is often required to maintain its whiteness.
Rose gold is created by mixing pure gold with copper.
Caring for Gold
To maintain and care for your gold jewellery try to follow a few basic tips:
Do not wear your jewellery when carrying out rough jobs.
When storing your jewellery, always place it back in its box or a soft cloth bag.
Keep your jewellery away from harmful chemicals or corrosives such as chlorine and bleach.
Clean you Jewellery with mild soap, warm water and a soft-bristled brush
Platinum is one of the most popular metals for engagement rings. Platinum is naturally white and its colour will never fade or change colour. It complements the beauty and sparkle of a diamond magnificently.
Platinum is four times h5er and 40% heavier than gold and is renowned for its hard wearing properties.
Platinum is a rare metal, more than 30 times rarer than gold, this is why platinum is more expensive than the other precious metals. Most fine platinum jewellery uses 95% platinum, with 5% alloy.
Platinum over time will scratch like other precious metals, however a professional polish will restore the jewellery to its original condition.
950 Platinum is a blend of 95% platinum and 5% alloy metals (usually cobalt). All Platinum products purchased from Angelic Diamonds will be a 950 Platinum alloy.
Palladium has become more and more popular in recent years as a more economic alternative to platinum. Palladium is a lot more lightweight than platinum, but wears the same as platinum and is also marked '950' representing 95% purity like platinum.
950 Palladium is a blend of 95% Palladium and 5% alloy metals (usually Ruthenium). All Palladium products purchased from Angelic Diamonds will be a 950 Palladium alloy.
What are the differences between White Gold and Platinum?
The first main difference is the weight. Platinum is approximately 33% denser than gold. So the same piece in gold will be lighter than platinum.
Platinum is harder wearing than gold. It will scratch over time like other precious metals but this is only a displacement of metal , not a loss in volume and can be polished to restore its look.
Over time platinum develops 'patina' which results in a tarnished effect. Overtime gold can also fade in colour. Both metals can be cleaned and polished to their original colour and shine.
Platinum has a purity of 95% appose to 18K gold of 75%.
Platinum is a naturally white metal where gold is a naturally yellow metal, that is mixed with other alloys to create white.
What are the differences between Platinum and Palladium?
Palladium is much cheaper than platinum but posses a lot of the same qualities, however it is far less dense than platinum making it a lot lighter.
Many people prefer the lightness of palladium compared to platinum.
Palladium is a very good alternative to platinum, giving a similar whiteness to platinum at a price closer to that of 18K gold.
Diamond Colour refers to the lack of colour present in the diamond, therefore its 'whiteness'.
Colour appears in a diamond as a pale yellow. This is because of the presence of nitrogen when the diamond was formed under the Earths crust.
A diamond with no colour, is more valuable than a diamond with a hint of colour.
Colour is graded on a scale from D to Z, where D is colourless and therefore more valuable.
To the untrained eye there is very little difference between colours D-H. Therefore G-H colours provide excellent value for money.
What Diamond Colour is best for me?
For the best value, we would recommend choosing colours G-H. These appear to be colourless to the naked eye and therefore offer fantastic value.
The metal colour of your chosen jewellery can also have an effect on how the diamond looks. A colourless diamond can appear whiter when set in white gold or platinum. Yellow gold settings will complement diamonds with lower colour ratings and reduce the yellow appearance in the diamonds.
Clarity is one of the key measurements of a diamonds value. A clarity grade is attributed to a diamond depending on the size, number and position of inclusions present.
Because diamonds are formed under extreme heat and pressure deep under the earth crust, nearly all diamonds contain small imperfections called inclusions. Inclusions are like birthmarks and are a completely natural part of a diamond, and give each diamond its own individual uniqueness.
The fewer inclusions that are present in a diamond, the higher grade a diamond is attributed, therefore the more valuable a diamond becomes.
Nearly all diamonds are graded using an 11 point grading scale (below). Diamond grading is always done under 10x magnification.
Very very slight inclusions - Diamonds rated VVS1 do not have any visible inclusions even under 10 x magnifications. An excellent quality diamond
Very very slight inclusions - Diamonds rated VVS2 barely have any visible inclusions that are very difficult to see under 10 x magnifications
Very slightly included - Diamonds rated VS1 will have very minor inclusions barely visible under 10 x magnification. A high quality diamond
Very slightly included - Diamonds rated VS2 will have minor inclusions only visible under 10 x magnification.
Slightly included - Diamonds rated SI1 have inclusions that are visible under 10 x magnification but are mostly clean to the naked eye. SI1 clarity diamonds offer very good value for money
Slightly included - Diamonds rated SI2 have inclusions clearly visible under 10 x magnification and likely visible to the naked eye.
Included 1 - Diamonds rated I1 will have inclusions clearly visible to the naked eye. They do however offer incredible value for people that don't mind the presence of inclusions in a diamond.
What Diamond clarity is best for me?
SI1 and SI2 provide excellent value for money but may contain small inclusions visible to the naked eye. If Clarity of the diamond is very important to you, we would recommend choosing VS2-VS1 or higher. These diamonds will not show any inclusions to the naked eye.
The Cut of a diamond (not to be confused with shape) is one of the most important characteristics in a diamond. The cut is how well the diamond has been fashioned from the original rough stone. How well a diamond is cut determines the light return and therefore it's brilliance and sparkle.
If the diamond is cut too shallow or too deep the light entering the stone will escape through the bottom and sides, therefore affecting the diamonds sparkle and beauty.
Cut grades are only given to round brilliant diamonds and are graded using the following scale.
Excellent cut diamonds are the best cut available and reflect the maximum amount of light that enters the diamond. Excellent cut diamonds are very rare and for this reason do command a premium price.
Very good cut
Very good cut diamonds are barely distinguishable from excellent cut to the naked eye but come at a lower price therefore offering fantastic value for money. They reflect almost all the light out of the diamond and are very close to Excellent cut.
Good cut diamonds reflect a good amount of light still giving fantastic sparkle from a diamond. They offer fantastic value for money and strike a good balance between size and sparkle.
Fair cut diamonds maintain some sparkle but considerably less that Good cut. For this reason this is not a cut we sell or would recommend.
Poor cut diamonds loose most of their light out the sides and bottom of the diamond therefore have very poor sparkle. We do not sell any poorly cut diamonds.